My Take on Using Themself as a Gender-neutral Pronoun

Normally, a singular antecedent requires a singular pronoun. But, because he is no longer universally accepted as a generic pronoun, referring to a person of unspecified gender, people commonly (in speech and in informal writing) substitute the third-person-plural pronouns they, them, their, and themselves (or the nonstandard singular themself), Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition, p. 241.

So, I like that themself is acceptable as a singular pronoun in general writing, as in the following:

At least take your phone with you. A person should be careful when walking alone; they could find themself facing great danger.

Although themselves may be used as a singular gender-neutral pronoun, it just does not have any of the trappings of a singular word—referring to just one person. Themself is not such an alien word. It enjoyed popular usage in centuries past. I agree with the adage that what falls out of favor in one century can crawl back into acceptable usage later on. There is nothing new under the sun. Now we accept they as a singular gender-neutral pronoun; so, now it’s time to welcome themself to the table.

There are other candidates for singular gender-neutral pronouns floating around out there, for example, the strange-sounding xeself. However, they are not yet popular and none have stuck the landing, so to speak. Here are five of them, taken from the Free Dictionary.

Once you know your audience and feel confident about the best way to get their attention, the golden rule is to be consistent in your usage of that word you choose throughout your document or manuscript.

More on this at https://stancarey.wordpress.com/2014/01/23/the-unsung-value-of-singular-themself/

Let me help you put your best word forward. Contact me at dmariemarks@gmail.com for help with your manuscripts, books, reports, and other publishing needs. #amediting #amwriting #academicediting #academic writing.

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Simple Habits of Good Reading Make Good Writers

Before you read As you read After you read
Set a goal to read
one book a year, a month, every
six months—what-
ever is easy for
you.

Pick a book on a
topic that interests you.

Set a time to read
regularly.

Select a
comfortable space
to read.  
Make connections with your own
experiences.

Look up the
meaning of words
you do not know
and write them
down.

Reread sections if
you need to
understand the
context of the
story.  
Share some or all
the story with
someone else.

Try to use the
words and
definitions you
wrote down in
your own
communications.

You finished the
book. Claim your
bragging rights!  
RESULT:
Repeat these
activities to
become
a better writer
and speaker.  

Let me help you put your best word forward. Contact me at dmariemarks@gmail.com for help with your writing. #amwriting #amediting #amreading #academicwriting

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To Be a Smooth Writer, Use Transitional Words and Phrases

I can help you put your best word forward. You can find me at dmariemarks@gmail.com or check my work online and in other posts on this blog. #amwriting #amediting #academic writer #writing

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Different ways to acknowledge sources in your work

All stylebooks suggest the same information regarding citing and acknowledging sources; however, the order of that information varies based on how different academic fields prioritize different elements of a source of works cited or list of references. 

The Modern Language Association Handbook (MLA) is designed for teachers of English and other languages. MLA includes (in the text) the author’s name and the page where the original information lives.

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) style is designed to promote information that the social scientist is most interested in— the year when the source information was documented.

The University of Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago) is used in humanities and historical research and favors using footnotes, instead of in-text citation. Footnotes give publication details at the bottom of the page, without clouding the information being presented, analyzed, and compared. Using footnotes instead of inserting parenthetical information allows the reader to focus on the evidence without being distracted by the publication information about that evidence. Include only the footnote number in the text, and put the author and page number at the bottom of the page.

Associated Press (AP) style is designed for journalistic writing, including newspapers and magazines. AP style directs writers to cite resources in the text, in the same way they cite a quotation from a source in the story (i.e., “A is the first letter,” said Joan Murry, the Maplewood County librarian.).

These source styles are the three main ones used in citing information used in all types of documents. Most other custom style guides are patterned from one of these, along with specific additions and required usage connected to the particular audience.

So, as you gather information for your writing, decide on the genre, audience, and purpose based on one of these styles. Create your own style sheet modified with any special usage rules as necessary to appeal to your audience; and refer to your style sheet as you write. This makes things easier for both you and your editor to put your best word forward and increase the integrity of your hard work.

Speaking of integrity, it is crucial to acknowledge the work of others who have done the research and shared their life experiences that helped you produce your own work.

Official Sites
mla.org
apastyle/org
chicagomanualofstyle.org/index.html

For more help in putting your best word forward, contact me and check out my website at editsbymarks.com. #amediting #references #citations #amwriting

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Using quotation marks in your document? Keep commas and periods inside

In American English, place commas and periods inside the closing quotation mark (unlike British English).

This practice came from a time when type was set by hand. The delicate period and comma outside of quotation marks at the end of a sentence tended to get knocked out of place, bruised, or broken; so, printers ended up placed them inside the quotation marks to solve this problem. The practice has not changed, even though broken type is no longer an issue in print.

So, take note: 
     Period—The students gathered in the field to “observe the lay of the land.” 
     Comma—“The baby fell asleep,” the nurse whispered.

Set quotation marks before semicolons and colons 
       At first, Madge said she was “afraid to jump”;  by the end of the class she                    had changed her mind. 
      “Inertia is defined as follows”: … Madge wrote, before she heard screams                     coming from the other room.

Set quotation marks before exclamation points and question marks that are not part of the quotation. 
     “Stop complaining!” she shouted.
     “Is he going to complain again?” Madge whispered.

Use single quotation marks for a quote within a quote (the opposite is done in British English). 
     “Stop complaining” said Madge. “Remember that ‘the early bird catches the         
    worm’ and be glad you have to wake up at dawn.”

For help in putting your best forward in your work, contact me at dmariemarks@gmail.com. See my work at editsbymarks.com and peruse the articles on this blog.

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Which Verb is it? Bear or Bare

The verb to bear is sometimes confused with to bare. Here is a quick tip on the difference.

The verb bear has a variety of meanings: to holdto supportto exhibitto carry oneself in a specific wayto endureto give birth to, bear downbear out, and bear up,bear in mindbring to bear and bear fruit. Its past tense is bore (e.g., it bore fruit).

Bear is also the correct verb in the common phrases grin and bear it and bear the brunt of

The verb bare always means to uncover or expose.

EXAMPLE: Blowing and drifting snow and cold temperatures continued to make it difficult for any of the snow removers to reach bare pavement [Champaign/Urbana News-Gazette]


Test Your Knowledge: Choose the Right Word

The chair in the kitchen broke when Jon sat on it; his weight was too much to ____.

Mary looked for her ring everywhere, she even dug through the snow on the driveway until she hit ____   pavement.

Word of the Month

Nescience (n.): Lack of knowledge. Ignorance.

She was surprised at his nescience about baking, although he was a great chef.

Contact me at dmariemarks@gmail.com, for help putting your best word forward. See my website at editsbymarks.com.

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Are you still typing two spaces after the period in your documents?

Stop it. Your computer is not a typewriter! I recently received a rash of queries about whether it is best practice to put two spaces after a period in a letter or other document. Your word processing software is equipped with fonts that type designers created to make words and sentences followed by one space only. The font has dimension and each letter is a different size from the other, unlike type on a Corona typewriter (which has fonts that are all the same size).

However, the current edition of theManual of Style of the American Psychological Association  dictates the use of two spaces after a period (a change from previous issues). This manual is one of my go-to references for editing; but, there is no conclusive evidence to support that practice.

What is true is that two spaces were helpful in separating sentences when created on a typewriter. Letters were mono font, which means that each letter had the same spacing, whether it was the letter i or m. Today, type designers now use technology to create proportional fonts for word processing software, so there is no longer a need to use two spaces to separate sentences.

To each his own, but as a type lover, I respect the beauty and integrity of the type designer’s work. Also, if you submit your document for publishing, one of your spaces will be deleted before the work is published anyway (even if you used the nostalgic typewriter courier font); so, why waste your time with two spaces. And, two spaces may indicate you have a “typewriter mentality,” and you haven’t “gotten the memo” on the new order of publishing. I will leave you with the thought that we live in a democracy, so, as editors, we embrace the use of varying styles in our work.

The key is—BE CONSISTENT in whatever you choose to use. As for me (and my house), we will use one space at all times.

Let me help you put your best word forward!
Reach out to me at dmariemarks@gmail.com. Visit my website at editsbymarks.com.

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